- enghunan.gov.cn, China.org.cn, April 21, 2015
Hunan's transportation industry has developed rapidly, and the province has grown to be one of the major transportation hubs in China. International business in Hunan is highly efficient thanks to the province's cohesive and top-notch transport infrastructure.
Effective Regional Transport
Hunan is connected with other provinces and neighboring cities in the country through major state roads, highways and railway links radiating in all directions.
A total of 1,290 kilometers of high-speed rail and 5,493 kilometers of expressway ran through Hunan as of the end of 2014, ranking first and fifth in the country, respectively.
Nine major railways – including the Beijing-Guangzhou line, the Hunan-Guangxi line and the Luoyang-Zhanjiang Line – link the province to all regions of the country.
The provincial capital Changsha is connected with 13 cities and counties in Hunan province through highways and all ferries on the provincial roads in Dongting Lake District have been modified into bridges. These highways and roads radiate from Changsha, Yueyang, Changde, Xiangtan and Hengyang, forming a road network and covering 99 percent of the province.
Hunan boasts 373 navigable rivers and roughly 11,500 kilometers of inland waterways, ranking third in the country. Its water transport network is centered around Dongting Lake with the Xiang, Zi, Yuan and Li rivers serving as major arteries. Over 207 million tons of cargo were shipped along Hunan's waterways in 2013, up 10.6 percent from 2012. Chenglinji Port in the city of Yueyang is one of China's top ten largest inland ports; more than 100 million tons of cargo passes through it annually.
Effective International Transport
International business travelers may find it easy to get to and from Hunan, as the province is home to Changsha Huanghua International Airport and Zhangjiajie Hehua Airport. There are also four domestic airports in the province: Changde Taohuayuan Airport, Huaihua Zhijiang Airport, Yongzhou Lingling Airport and Hengyang Nanyue Airport.
Hunan hosts 123 airlines, and flights connect the province with 75 major domestic and international cities, including Hong Kong, Macao, Taipei, Bangkok, Osaka, Seoul and Singapore.
Changsha Huanghua International Airport saw passenger traffic of 16 million in 2013, ranking first in central China and 12th nationwide.